Internal medicine is the medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. Physicians specializing in internal medicine are called internists. Doctors of internal medicine focus on adult medicine and have special focusing on the prevention and treatment of adult disesases.Internists are sometimes referred as the “Doctors Doctor”, because they are often called upon to act as consultants to other physicians to help in solving diagnostic problems. The term Internal Medicine comes from the German term Inner Medicine, a discipline popularized on the Germany in 1800s to describe physicians who combined the science of the labratory with the care of patients. Many early 201th century American Doctors studied medicine in Germany and brought this medical field to the Unites States. Thus, the name “internal medicine” was adopted.
Internists deal with all the problems that a patients brings, no matter how common or rare the diagnoses problems. Internists are trained mainly for challenged diagnostic problems and can handle severe chronic illness and several illnesses .They also bring to patients understanding of wellness (diseases prevention and the promotion of health), women’s health, substance abuse, mental health, as well as effective treatment of common problem of the eyes,ears,skin,nervous system and reproductive organs. Internist’s also focusing their practice in various areas of medicine like cardiology etc.General internal Medicine is more important in the present growth of medical knowledge so that patients do not become "collectors of specialists". In this model of medical super specialization, generalist spirit of internist, in correspondence with the tendencies towards the complex and complementary vision of life in all its manifestations. The goal of the Internist is to be able to prevent and solve more than 80% of a patient's medical problems, to understand all the angles of their patient's pathologies, and know the interactions of treatments for their different problems, harmonizing those treatments, taking the best thing from each one of the specialties and aiming towards the vision of the patient, that is not a sack of unconnected organs, but a complex being with soul, body, mind and family.
In today’s complex medical environment, internists take pride care their patients for their lifes.During hospitalization and intensive care and in nursing homes. when other medical specialist such as surgeons etc ., are involved to co ordinate their patients and manage medical problems associated with that care.