In today's rapidly growing world, health care and medicine remain controversial and important topics. The demand for doctors and health care specialists is always high, yet it takes years of specialized education and training to train these individuals. Medicine and surgery are serious professions, and the individuals who become certified physicians are highly skilled and dedicated. Among the most dedicated and educated physicians are those specializing in internal medicine. These specialists are efficient in the care of seriously ill patients and are often looked upon by other physicians as effective teachers and consultants.
Internal medicine doctors, also referred to as internists, are highly trained physicians specializing in the treatment of adult diseases. Unlike surgeons, who perform operations to repair the body, internists cure internal ailments with the application of medicine. Internists are so highly trained that they are often brought in to work with other stumped physicians, acting as a consultant. They specialize in diagnosing diseases, sometimes multiple at once, and are highly capable of determining the ailments of a patient. Since most internists are used to treat dramatically ill patients, their work takes place primarily in hospital environments.
Internists receive extensive clinical training, though their training varies considerably from region to region. Typically, an internist will spend four years on an undergraduate degree, then four to five additional years in tertiary medical school. From there, an internal medicine specialist goes on to study through a residency training program for typically two years. After this residency is completed, internists will move on to study in a subspecialization. Most internists are trained to practice exclusively on one organ or system, making them much more effective at the care of their particular specialization. This specialization training can take anywhere from three to ten years, depending on the area studied and the jurisdiction.
Subspecialties of an internal medicine doctor include the treatment of all internal health systems. Cardiology deals with treatment of the cardiovascular system and the well-being of the heart, one of the body's primary organs. Nephrology specializes in care of the kidney. Pulmonolgy is the study of the lung and of respiratory diseases and conditions. Gastroenterology specializes in the digestive tract and the stomach. Most internal medicine is not limited to treatment by application of medicine alone. Surgeries and practices used to treat internal systems can be found in most sub specializations. Nephrologists use a system called dialysis to artificially replace kidney systems. Pulmonologists employ a process known as bronchoscopy in order to see the the internal air passageways of the lung, for diagnostic purposes. A similar tool, an endoscope, is utilized by gastroenterologists to visualize the insides of the stomach and digestive tract. Angioplasty is a cardiovascular surgery where an obstructed blood vessel is widened using surgical tools and procedure.
Internists are extremely knowledgeable about the inner-workings of the body and its systems. A variety of specialized internists are a valuable asset to health care systems. This is in order to provide care for any variety of internal affliction or disease.